What are digital deformities
Digital deformities are changes in the normal alignment of the toe. They are named after the joints that are affected.
A Mallet Toe does not involve any deformity of the proximal phalanx on the lesser metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint or proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint. Typically, the only joint affected is the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint which is flexed.
A Hammer Toe sometimes involves dorsiflexion of the proximal phalanx on the lesser metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint and flexion of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP). Typically, the DIP joint is extended or neutral in a hammer toe.
Causes of digital deformities
Small intrinsic muscles in the foot usually maintain the the toe in a straight position
When the long extrinsic muscles that work harder than the small intrinsic muscles the toe starts to claw.
|Causes of biomechanical abnormalities|
Complications of digital deformities
- Corns and callous
- Toenail pain
- Ulcers and wounds
Treatment of digital deformities
- Silicon padding and sleeves
- Shoe stretching and modification
- Surgical release and re positioning of the digit
- Percutaneous tenotomy click for more information Flexor Tenotomy
The Foot and Ankle Centre’s Northcote Podiatrists can help you with all lower limb complaints, including Digital Deformities. Make an appointment to get your foot and ankle pain under control or contact us if you have any questions.