Severs Disease (Calcaneal Apophysitis)


What is Severs disease?

Severs disease is also called calcaneal apophysitis, which as the name suggests is inflammation of the calcaneal apophysis (growth plate).

This problem usually affects young adolescents who complain of pain at the back of the heel. This pain is more commonly present after exercise and can last for hours or days after.

This problem typically occurs during the growth spurt of adolescence. The time at which the growth spurt occurs differs and can happen between the ages of:

8 to 13 for girls and 10 to 15 for boys.


Causes of Severs Disease

Unlike an adults heel bone the heel bone in a child is in two parts connect by a cartilage growth plate (see picture below)

Xray of a Childs Foot Xray of a Adults Foot

The heel’s growth plate is sensitive to repeated running and pounding on hard surfaces. For this reason, children and adolescents involved in soccer or basketball are especially vulnerable.

Other potential causes of calcaneal apophysitis may include a tight Achilles tendon, and biomechanical problems such as flatfoot or a high-arched foot


Diagnosis of Severs Disease

Diagnosis is generally made with specific signs and symptoms – when the pain occurs and the location.

Most children with this problem will have a ‘positive apophyseal squeeze test’  (pain when squeezing the heel).


Treatment of Severs Disease

In the majority of cases severs disease is self limiting, which means it will go away regardless on what you do once the growth plate has fully formed. The main goal of treatment is to minimise the pain associated with this problem. This can include

  • Activity reduction
  • Orthotic management
  • Heel raises to reduce the tension in the Achilles
  • Gel Heels
  • Supportive footwear
  • Stretching
  • Taping
  • Night Splinting

 


What else could it be? (differential diagnosis)

Other problems that can cause similar pain to severs include:

Achilles Pain

Plantar fasciitis


 

The Ankle, Foot and Orthotic Centre’s Northcote Podiatrists can help you with all your childrens lower limb complaints, including Heel pain from Severs Disease. Make an appointment to get your foot and ankle pain under control.

Expert Podiatrists for the treatment of children’s feet servicing the areas of Northcote, Thornbury, Fitzroy, North Fitzroy, Carlton, North Carlton, Alphington, Fairfield, Brunswick, Coburg and Preston

Call The Ankle, Foot and Orthotic Centre for further advice on professional management and treatment options.